This target, agreed by all governments in the year 2000, was to halve the proportion of people without safe water by 2015. It is fitting that the news came out last week, two days before we celebrated International Womenâ€™s Day on March 8, and two weeks before World Water Day on March 22: women and girls are disproportionately impacted by the global water and sanitation crises.
Women and girls carry the burden of fetching water on a daily basis. Often, this prevents them from engaging in more productive activities, such as generating an income, caring for family members and doing domestic work. Girls are also called upon to help in the gathering of water. This prevents them from going to school or having time and energy to study. Sexual violence and other attacks are constant threats to women as they seek clean water sources in isolated places.
Itâ€™s wonderful news that we have reached the MDG target on water. Yet, I propose that we view this not only as a celebration, but as a call to action as well. Hereâ€™s why.
The MDG targets are global. That means that it is possible to reach them without doing the really hard stuff, such as reaching the people who live in the most remote places or the ones who are members of groups often shunned by society. In addition, the target on halving the proportion of people living without sanitation remains the furthest off track of any MDG target. In fact, at the current pace, this sanitation target wonâ€™t be met in sub-Saharan Africa for another 200 years.
The poorest and most vulnerable in the world probably werenâ€™t celebrating our water-access victory last week. Instead, they may have been sick with diarrhea from unsafe water, watching their children die of water-borne diseases, or waiting until dark to relieve themselves because they didnâ€™t want to suffer the indignity of defecating in the open.
However, this is not a story of gloom and doom. That we met the water MDG target means we are learning and doing better. We are taking seriously the life-threatening issue of unsafe drinking water, and we are building capacity in communities around the world to respond to these needs themselves.
Itâ€™s time to recommit to applying these lessons so we ensure universal access to safe drinking water. Equally importantly, we must redouble our commitment to providing access to sanitation. Without a way to safely and cleanly dispose of human waste, that newly-clean water wonâ€™t stay clean for long.
This World Water Day, I will be leading a diverse group of advocates to Capitol Hill, where we will spend the day meeting with Members of Congress to tell them about how much more remains to be done before we can safely celebrate the end of the water and sanitation crises. We will also be urging them to pass the Senator Paul Simon Water for the World Act, a vital piece of legislation that could improve the effectiveness of existing aid for water without spending any money. That would truly be another cause for celebration, especially for the worldâ€™s poorest women and girls. Weâ€™re making progress; now itâ€™s time to act.