The Role of Employer Selection in Gendered Job Segregation
Lisa Wade, Ph.D.
Gender job segregation is the practice of filling certain occupations with mostly male or mostly female workers. Today, 40 percent of women work in jobs that are three-fourths female or more and 45 percent of men work in jobs that are more than three-fourths male. Job segregation is the main cause of the wage gap between men and women because jobs that employ women pay somewhere between 5-19 percent less than ones that employ men.
Job segregation decreased during the decades following the women’s movement, but progress towards integration stalled out in the 1990’s and hasn’t budged since. There are lots of reasons why job segregation why gender persists; one of them is recruitment and selection. That is, employers sometimes have preferences for whether a man or woman is suited for a job. Usually these preferences match historical trends or stereotypes.
Read the full article in The Society Pages.